Most Promising Renewable Sources of Energy


There are numerous sources of renewable energy that have no negative impact on environment and or health of human beings and animals. These are the kind of sources that will help to neutralize and nullify the harmful sorts of pollution resent in our environment. They are said like renewable energy for a single main reason that these don’t utilize any of the natural resource. Utilizing may not be the proper word but the point is if they even use a resource they are not depleting it and the natural resource is preserved. There are huge power plants for this purpose but this is not the necessary as small grids can be constructed for a particular region that has a deficit in energy production.

Here are the renewable sources of energy that are promising for our better future;

Nuclear Power

It has a really good sight for future though the installation is expensive but the results are more than satisfactory. This process involves extracting the energy from atomic nuclei by doing some nuclear reactions. At the moment there is only one such nuclear reaction but it has managed to be used in 439 power reactor all over the world generating somewhere around 15% of our total electricity.

Compressed Natural Gas

CNG is another form of energy that is not consuming any of our natural resources. It still has an impact that it produces greenhouse gases but still it is the cleanest form to be used as fuels. Other important factor about CNG is that if it accidently gets spilled, the damage will be less because CNG will tend to move upwards as lighter than air. Apart from other facts, it also is economical to be used in vehicles unlike gasoline or diesel or even petrol.


This is interesting as it provides the good alternative for trash. Biomass energy is produced when trash is pressurized it provides a fuel for running industrial plants. Currently it does not produces as much energy as it can but it does have a bright future.

Geothermal Energy

In this form of energy production, energy is extracted from the underground by using natural process. It does have all the advantages of no harmful effect on the environment and cost effective but the problem is it cannot be used farther away from tectonic plates.

Radiant Energy

Cheapest way to produce something like electricity though there is a lot of research to be done on this form of energy but researches will provide a better understanding of the subject.


This also is a great way of producing energy; the power of flowing water is used to produce electricity. About 19% of the electricity is produced using this technique as it has no harmful effects on environment.

Solar Power

Sunlight is contained in Solar panels which then produces electricity for provision in individual households or large industrial units depending upon the size and capacity of panels. It is just the installation and maintenance cost, rest is amazing

Wind Power

Wind power plants are installed in the area according to the wind flow and then the movement of fans by wind is used to generate electricity. This too has no harmful and negative impact on the environment.

Steps Taken By EU towards Clean Energy

solar panel

Nowadays one of the biggest concern growing for this world is greenhouse gases that are causing our ozone layer to get damaged and thus global warming is being observed. Greenhouse gas emission is leaving a long term mark for earth which will ultimately leash a bad effect. So, as a solution to this problem, low carbon economy got its inception. It is turning out to be beneficial for our world. Isn’t it amazing that if we get used to of using low carbon power sources, it will not only be profitable for our economy but also turn out to be a plus point for achieving our social, economic and environmental development goals.

EU specifically has taken few steps to shift the emphasis to clean energy


They considered the very word in their minds keenly. It is true that shifting the emphasis to clean energy does not mean using only one form of energy; there will be diversification. At some point, one form of energy will be needed and while at the other point another will be used. Not only this, there will be a need of using the present sources in combination. From solar energy plants to wind energy production plants, from hydrothermal energy plants to geothermal energy plants, from biomass energy to energy produced using coal, all of the sources are necessary.


There is not a need of production if it cannot be transported to the desired location and in the meantime there occurs a need of storing the produced energy. And for this very process, grids and large scale distribution units are developed.


Though fossils fuels may appear a bit cheaper to buy but their final installation is expensive. Secondly, with the growing tension of fossil fuels being used up, there has been noticeable increase in the renewables cost as well. They have been doubled and quadrupled since the last decade. Moreover when analyzed properly, it was understood that actually renewables are cheaper and there is not that big difference in their cost and price respectively.

Energy Efficiency

Efficiency is the positive aspect for production. In other words, when trying to make it an energy efficient program, all the sources that are being wasted must be stopped. There should be a proper replacement for the wastage of energy sources. Until and unless our renewable energy production and energy efficiency don’t run with each other, there may be some successful areas but in the end it is going to turn into a loss. Thereby it is better to cater for the loss as soon as possible if we want to replace our energy sources to 100% renewables.

Legal Frameworks

There must be some legal framework that exclaims the replacement of technologies that are harmful and cause pollution with the ones that are clean and safe to use. This will help to minimize the risk and investors are more likely to invest in production units.

Top 10 Countries Marching Towards Clean Energy


With so much advancements in the industry of clean energy; more and more countries are drawing to shift their energy production towards the right path. This right path has benefits on both, long and short term basis. With the fact that clean energy is cheaper, it also is capable of producing little to no pollution at all, as well as no harmful emissions in the environment to cause global warming.

According to latest reports; China is among those countries which is investing more and more in renewables to adopt the clean energy production techniques with U.S second on the list. No less than 100GW of production plants were built in year 2013 and the figures have never stopped since then.

Following are the five countries who have benchmarked their energy production by deploying clean energy production ways;

Denmark: Wind Power

In the year 2014, Denmark managed to produce 39 percent of its total energy by wind power only; this was considered a world record. Denmark futuristic goal includes producing 50 percent of energy needs by using renewables till 2020 whereas converting it to 100 percent by 2050. Not only this, Denmark is providing electricity to its locality in cheapest possible way.

United Kingdom: Wind Power

In the year 2014, UK managed to produce 15 percent of its total energy by wind power only and this was the highest in its history. As of now, United Kingdom has managed to supply enough electricity to no less than 6.7 million households residing in United Kingdom. Production of energy by turbines has risen up to 9.3% from 7.8% in the last year.

Germany: Renewable Energy Sources

More than 26% of the country’s need of electricity and power was filled by energy from renewable energy. Not only this, this has brought a lot of positivity in economy of Germany and it has managed to become the country with largest economy in the Europe.

Scotland: Renewable Energy Sources

In 2014, Scotland produced energy from renewable energy sources that encompasses more than 164 percent of the need of the households. And as a matter of fact, monthly report suggested that almost 98 percent of the need of the Scottish are fulfilled by using wind power only. And this is not all, in few states of Scotland, they have managed to provide 100 percent of the electricity by using the energy from the sun only.

To be real honest, this country has a capability to shift their energy to fully renewable sources by the end of 2030 which will end up their dependency on fossil fuels.

Ireland: Wind Power

Ireland is a country with windy environment and it has managed to utilize this kind of wind in their own favor. Within few months they have managed to rely on the electricity developed from clean energy sources. They produced 1942 MW of energy which is enough to fulfil the energy requirements of 1.26 million households.

It is only the matter of adopting and then your needs can also be fulfilled by investment in the right area.

Reasons Why EU Is Now Less Dependent On Fossil Fuel

Clean Energy

It is fairly simple that the evolvement of various renewable forms of energy has provided some kind of relief to the fossil fuels. The more the renewable energy is produced the less becomes the use of fossil fuels and they can be preserved for longer time.

Following are the reasons as to what has lead EU to be less dependent on fossil fuels unlike in past;

Less Dependency on Fossil Fuels for Energy

It is a true fact that the more the renewable energy is produced, the less is the dependency on fossil fuels. The energy produced by fossil fuels is greatly reducing in numbers according to the analysis though somehow it is not as less as desired but it is achieving a more balanced sort of position in graph because of the use of renewable energy sources.

More Electricity from Coal, Nuclear and Renewables

There are numerous sources of renewable energy that have no negative impact on environment and or health of human beings and animals. These are the kind of sources that will help to neutralize and nullify the harmful sorts of pollution resent in our environment. They are said like renewable energy for a single main reason that these don’t utilize any of the natural resource. Utilizing may not be the proper word but the point is if they even use a resource they are not depleting it and the natural resource is preserved. There are huge power plants for this purpose but this is not the necessary as small grids can be constructed for a particular region that has a deficit in energy production.

More of coal is beginning to be utilized than compressed natural gas as a main energy sources and there is noticeable increase in the production of electricity by coal. As far as nuclear is concerned; apart from its high plant installation cost,   the results produced by this form are more than satisfactory. A lot of energy is beginning to be produced from nuclear reactions in nuclear plant. This process involves extracting the energy from atomic nuclei by doing some nuclear reactions. At the moment there is only one such nuclear reaction but it has managed to be used in 439 power reactor all over the world generating somewhere around 15% of our total electricity. Thereby ultimately these stats are reducing the use of fossil fuels and its dependency.

Renewables Increase of Bioenergy and Wind

More and more energy is being produced from bioenergy and wind power plant. Bioenergy is a lot more interesting form of energy than many others as it provides the good alternative for trash. Biomass energy is produced when trash is pressurized it provides a fuel for running industrial plants. It also has started its production by plantation techniques which has provided a good fuel for operation of industrial plants. Wind power plants are installed in the area according to the wind flow and then the movement of fans by wind is used to generate electricity. It has no harmful and negative impact on the environment as well and thus a lot of plants have been installed for the production of wind energy which has reduced the use of fossil fuels.

Weird Ideas that are Actually Really Environmentally Friendly

Weird Ideas that are Actually Really Environmentally Friendly

Europe has long led the way in climate change research, environmental impact studies, and most importantly, environmentally friendly technology advances that cut carbon emissions, save valuable energy resources, and prevent humans from permanently altering Earth’s biosphere in a way that’s bad for it, for the creatures that inhabit it, and for us.

Sometimes, however, this enthusiasm for green technology gets a little… weird. Some Europeans, it seems, are willing to try just about anything to save a little energy here and there, cut reliance on coal and gas, and save the environment a little bit.

Body Heat

For example, there is a firm based in Stockholm, Sweden that plans to harness the body heat of daily commuters (there are almost a quarter of a million of them daily) to lower the energy cost of heating a large nearby office building. The technology seems viable, and the firm plans to replicate it elsewhere, if it can find the buyers.

Let's Go Fly a Kite

Let’s Go Fly a Kite

A 10,000 ton freighter in Bremerhaven, a port on the German coast, needed to be towed out to see where it could take over and move on its own power. Normally, this task is accomplished almost entirely by gas-burning tugboats. In this instance, however, the crew got creative, and rigged a giant kite to harness the wind and help pull the ship out of the harbor and into the sea. That’s not to say that the tugboats were entirely unnecessary, but it just goes to show how far Europeans will go to save a little energy here and there.

A Funeral – For Waste

Sometimes, that obsession with energy savings can turn a little macabre. A funeral home in England proposed back in 2008 to recycle heat from the furnaces in the basement–yes, the ones used in the cremation of your deceased relatives–to warm the chapel on the premises of the funeral home. They actually got the go-ahead from sixteen local officials, and the plan has so far worked out–though it has no doubt been the subject of some significant controversy. But I guess that’s just to be expected.

A Culture of Creativity

A Culture of Creativity

Karl Sudnholm of Jernhusen, the Swedish company harnessing the body heat of commuters, made a telling point when he said that they were sitting around trying to come up with ways to save energy. When they hit upon the body heat idea, the board of directors said ‘go ahead. Why not?’ This in contrast to boards of directors elsewhere in the world, who are wary of the profitability of such ventures. But Europe is determined to go green, whatever it takes–even if it doesn’t make quite as many euros as dirty energy does.

Dung Generator

No, a ‘dung generator’ is not a cow–though they do generate quite a bit of dung. On the contrary, this dung generator is the brainchild of a Welsh farmer, who is currently fundraising the $2 million he needs to make his dream a reality.

The dung generator would power not only his farm, but also several hundred homes in a town not far from where he lives and works. The farmer owns over 500 cows, and he plans to use their dung to power the generator. That’s certainly plenty of fuel–but I’d be worried about the smell. Hopefully you’re not downwind of the power plant.


All great ideas seem a little weird when they’re first conceived. But Europe has proven time and time again that they are willing to embrace those weird ideas, on the off chance that they might be the next big thing. But we’re still waiting to see what that next big thing will be. Hopefully it will be a little more inspiring than a generator run on cow poop.

The Future of Solar Power in Europe

The Future of Solar Power in Europe

As people around the world become more conscious of the fact that our actions as a species have a profound impact on the world around us, green, clean, renewable energy sources become ever more important to governments, corporations, and individual people alike.

Perhaps nowhere is this phenomenon more pronounced than in the hyper-developed nations of western Europe. Germany, England, Scotland, Denmark, Sweden, and France have all made major strides towards breaking their addiction to fossil fuels in favor of renewable energy sources that keep their air clean and the environment around them healthy.

One of the main renewable sources of energy–one that quickly comes to mind when you think of green technology–is the solar panel. Just a few decades ago, solar power was clunky and impractical. You might see hippies or woods-dwelling survivalists using them, but by and large it was believed that you simply could not capture enough of the sun’s energy for it to store much power.

Additionally, there was no good way to store the power once it was captured. Solar panels are great for daytime needs, but they tend to work poorly in the moonlight. There needed to be a way to make sure that the extra power accumulated could be saved–quite literally, for a rainy day.

But no longer is that the case. Solar power has advanced by leaps and bounds, and is now one of the primary ways in which energy-conscious countries like those of the European Union acquire the energy they need to run their daily lives, without burning massive amounts of coal and gas–dirty, fossil-based fuels.

Germany Leads the Way

Germany Leads the Way

Germany, as might be expected, leads the way in this trend. But not because the country is particularly sunny. On the contrary, Germany is such an excellent testing ground for solar panels because it typically experiences so much cloudy weather. So if you can get solar panels working there, then when your company expands to sunny Los Angeles, California, for example, you know you’ve got a winner.

Germany does, however, have a government that is extremely enthusiastic about making green energy a priority. Getting solar panels installed on your roof costs you a few pieces of paperwork and couple thousand dollars. If you capture more solar energy than your house uses, you can sell that power back to the power company, and your energy bill at the end of the month will show a credit–you make money on your electric bill each month. Solar panels in Germany will, eventually, literally pay for themselves.

And it’s paying off–Germany reports that a full third of its total energy consumption comes from photovoltaic (that is, solar) panel cells. Compare that with a whopping 10% in the United States. The U.S. has some serious catching up to do–especially considering that, dollar for dollar, it outspends Germany by a lot when it comes to investing in green energy sources.

France Struggles to Keep Up

France, though a leader in other renewable energy sources, has struggled to find a place for solar energy in its assortment of places to turn for electricity. The infrastructure simply isn’t there, and unlike the German government, the French government has been unwilling to offer the kinds of incentives that have made solar power so effective in Germany.

One thing is for sure, however: solar panels are now a cheaper source of energy than wind turbines, and are far cheaper than expensive nuclear energy. This is reflected in the steady growth of solar panel usage across the country in recent years. Investors are figuring out where their bread is buttered after all.

European Countries Leading the Way in Green Energy

European Countries Leading the Way in Green Energy

Green energy is all over the news, all over the media–it’s even finding its way into books, TV shows, and movies. Europe is known as probably the most energy-conscious continent on the planet, but even they have struggled in recent years.

For a number of complex and overlapping reasons, the last few years have seen a slump in dollars devoted to generating energy from non-fossil fuel sources. It was not until 2014 that this slump began to end. Certain countries–primarily European ones–again started taking major strides towards being 100% green and fossil-fuel free. China led the way in total dollars invested in green energy, with the U.S. in second place. But to find the real achievements, you have to look elsewhere–apparently the United States and China aren’t quite as efficient with their dollars, either.

Here are some of the countries that have done the most in the last few years to prove themselves the vanguard in this march to energy freedom.

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Denmark’s Windy Triumph

Denmark has long been a pioneer in wind energy. They first installed turbines in their country in the mid-1970s (unless you count their iconic windmills–if you do, then they’ve used wind power since medieval times), and in recent years, they’ve set world records for the highest percentage of the country’s energy derived from renewable wind sources.

In 2014, Denmark reported an astounding 40% of its total energy consumption came from its vast network of windmills. But they’re hardly resting on their laurels, and they’ve set their sights high, indeed. They’ve announced that they intend to get 50% of all their energy from renewable sources by 2020, and to be a 100% renewable-energy country by 2050. Lofty goals? Perhaps, but they seem like they’re on track to make it in time.

Britain Catches Up

Britain isn’t quite as well known for those iconic windmills as are the Netherlands and Denmark, but the UK has nonetheless outdone itself in recent years when it comes to relying on wind power. While on 10% of the country’s total energy consumption comes from wind power, they’ve set world records in growth–15 percent in one year. That’s the highest of any country, ever.

So watch out, Denmark–England is giving you a run for your money. They’re already powering almost seven million homes with their windmills, and they intend to do much more in the coming years.

German Precision

German Precision

Germany truly leads the way, as it so often has, in terms of using renewable energy efficiently. The largest contributor to its overall energy consumption was renewable sources. This is eight times what it was two and a half decades ago, putting Germany in the front lines in terms of both overall usage and growth. Germany has in recent years been a sign of which way the wind is blowing in Europe, with the largest economy and some of the most advanced technology in the world. If this is still the case, then we can expect continued leadership from the European Union on questions of cleaning up our energy.


These are hardly all of the countries that have made major–even massive–strides towards relying only on clean, renewable sources of energy. Solar panels have become smaller, more efficient, and even flexible in recent decades. What was once an unthinkably clumsy and crude technology now seems slim and elegant–we can only imagine what it’ll look like in another twenty years.

The rest of the world must look to Europe’s example. Not only are they leading the way in clean energy, but they are finding it profitable and easy to do so. All the rest of us need to do is commit to it, and we can enjoy all of those benefits as well.

Europe’s Entrepreneurs are Ushering in a Greener Future

Europe's Entrepreneurs are Ushering in a Greener Future

“Going green” is a serious buzzword these days. You see it on everything from bumper stickers to corporate websites to designer handbags. Some large chain coffee shops have even made environmental friendliness a cornerstone of their brand image.

But perhaps nowhere in the world quite matches what the developed countries of Europe are doing to lessen their dependence on fossil fuels, and switch instead to total reliance on alternative, renewable sources of energy that don’t permanently alter the Earth’s natural ecosystems in a way that is damaging to the plants and animals that live in them.

Miniature Solar Panels

Miniature Solar Panels

Wales has traditionally gotten its power from coal plants, making it the least ‘green’ of the European Union nations. But not so anymore–the government of Wales has set a target for a 20 percent reduction in fossil fuel use by 2020, and entrepreneurs are stepping forward with bold new ideas, some of which were unthinkable even a few years ago.

Like solar panels. If your solar panel works in Wales, Europe’s cloudiest country, it’s sure to work everywhere else, right? That’s the bet that Robert Hertzberg is making. He’s designing miniature solar panels that could fit onto Smartphone and laptops, allowing them to run forever, in just about any environment.

A Crematorium that Recycles

A Crematorium that Recycles

In a controversial move, a crematorium in Manchester, England proposed using the heat from its furnaces–yes, the ones that cremate the dead people–to warm the inside of its chapel. Surprisingly, there was little blowback from the community.

People in Europe are extremely green-minded, it seems, and they’re willing to try lots of alternative ideas that people in other countries aren’t as motivated to hop on board with.

Geothermal Heat

Geothermal Heat

The inside of the Earth is hot–so hot, in fact, that even solid rock melts into a gooey glowing red liquid called magma. This magma regularly appears on the surface of the earth in the form of volcanoes and the volcanic rock that they spew. Geysers, too, are a function of internal pressures deep within the earth’s crust.

Entrepreneurs have long tried to figure out how to harness this energy to maximum effect–but have always come up short in the past. Europeans have, however, figured out one or two ways to use this energy–though it can no doubt be harnessed in a variety of other ways, once the technology is perfected.

The most noticeable thing about all of this sub-crust activity is the heat. Everything that comes out of the earth is hot. Some countries–particularly those like Norway, where the presence of hot springs and geysers, and a culture open to green innovation–are now using these natural phenomena to heat office buildings and apartments, and as a source of steam for industries that use a lot of it. It’s like having a faucet that’s free, and spouts the cleanest water you’ve ever seen, straight from the belly of the Earth.

Sharing the Burden

While entrepreneurs all over the continent are finding ways to make their businesses cleaner and more energy-efficient, reports from Eastern Europe are not so convincing. Repeated calls have come out in recent years for countries on the eastern side of the EU to refurbish old buildings, reduce their reliance on coal and other fossil fuels, and in general start taking a little bit more seriously the issues of resource depletion and climate change, which virtually all EU leaders agree poses a threat to the environment, and thus, by proxy, to us as well.

Clean Energy in EU – How European Union wants its Countries to Switch to Green Energy


In recent years, the Renewable Energy Sources have grown in importance in the energy system of the European Union and in the world; it is expected they will grow more and more in importance in the near future. Renewable Energy Sources, also known as Green Energy Sources can be divided into wind energy, solar energy, hydroelectric power etc.

Introduction of Incentives by EU to promote Renewable Energy Sources

In order to promote the use of these green energy sources, all EU countries have introduced incentives to stimulate the market. However, every reality has its own rigidity and its structure, for which the incentives must be able to adapt and be efficient in often very different contexts. The governments of the EU countries use a variety of instruments to promote the adoption of RES.

Economic incentives given by European Union to its member countries for switching over to the green energies may vary between EU member states. For instance, in Germany, the main program of support for electricity is represented by an incentive based on price, i.e., the feed-in tariff scheme.

The law states that tariffs do not depend on the market price of energy but are defined in the law and that the rates are different for wind energy, biomass, photovoltaic, etc. Moreover, these rates decreased over time in order to take account of the technological learning curves and then improvements.

The UK has been the first European country to pursue liberalization of the electricity market. In the UK, the production of energy from RES is supported by strategies based on quantity. Since 1999, the system has adopted a quota system with tradable green certificates bond. The objective is that obligation increases over years, and power companies that do not comply with the obligation have to pay penalties.


Setting up the Targets

RES technologies like solar and wind have been greatly financed while the EU put a goal in 2008 of providing more than 18% energy from RES by 2020. Reviewers declare this has directed to marketplace deformation in the energy market which have increased cost, particularly in Germany. The difference between the market price for electricity and the higher fixed price for RES is passed on to consumers, whose bills have been rising for years. Domestic power costs have risen nearly 5% a year among 2008 and 2012 as a consequence of taxes and dues associated to RES, according to the European Commission.

Wind energy is one of the most competitive technologies among RES and in countries characterized by the massive presence of wind, it is even able to compete with fossil fuels based technologies. In Europe, the most competitive regions for the presence of wind are the north and west coasts of Scandinavia, the UK, and some parts of the Mediterranean

Today, the European Union has sponsored numerous programs designed to promote environmentally-conscious business and government practices. Though the European Union is comprised of many governments, who often have trouble agreeing with each other, they have come together on the issue of alternative energies as on few other issues in the past. You could almost say it stands as the primary unifying issue–the issue on which everyone agrees. But the process of moving to a completely clean and sustainable economy is not an easy one–it will take years, probably decades, before that dream can become a practical reality.

3 Myths about Green Energy

There is no way renewable energy can be produced around the clock.

The world isn’t free of pollution, fossil fuel and nuclear waste, oil accidents, greenhouse gases and global warming. The EU countries are encouraged to use renewable energy sources in order to save the planet from pollution and create a more environment-friendly, “green” environment. This idea is not something that is impossible to achieve; on the contrary, green energy is real and is widely used already. Let me tell you some truths and myths about green energy. I will list you the myths I know and explain what in fact is going on there.

MYTH 1: Green energy is bad for the environment.

Green energy is bad for the environment.

Why is this not true? Well, when we think about the river dams needed in order to use the hydroelectric plants; when we think about the windmills that change the natural habitat of animals; and when we think of the carbon dioxide emissions produced from the back-up energy generators, this does not seem like a myth really.

However, with certain precautions even those negativities can be avoided. For example, the wind plants that destroy the natural habitats of the birds, sometimes even killing them, can be safe for the birds if the patterns of bird migration are all well-researched before the construction of the plants or windmills. There is just effort needed to be put in the research, and the safety of the living creatures will not be in danger anymore.

Some people who live near windmills or plants can complain about the noise they produce. They do not. Some people just do not want to see them near their houses. The problem is in their aesthetical needs, and not in the noise in most often cases. Also, the wind mills and plants do not damage the land they are built on, which means it can be used for farms and plantations without any concern. The animals are not affected by the presence of the plants either.

MYTH 2:The plants are way too expensive to build and operate.

The plants are way too expensive to build and operate

This might have been true long time ago, when the renewable energy had not been explored yet. However, by this point, there has been substantial research done and implemented that for the countries with sufficient resources those types of energy generation prove to be the most economic.

Compared to the coal and nuclear plant, wind or solar plant do not pollute air or water, do not impact health of living creatures, and, as it is said, do not affect climate change. There are technically also no costs to buy the resources for the wind or solar plant. Can you buy sunlight or wind blows? There are no input costs. For consumers of the electricity that those plant produce, it is also a good deal, because the costs of this kind of electricity are lower, due to no input costs.

MYTH 3: There is no way renewable energy can be produced round the clock.

There is no way renewable energy can be produced around the clock.

This is not entirely true, but you need to be smart to implement and maintain it. The key to have the renewable energy sources produce electricity round the clock is in having different types of plants across the country. If you use solar and wind power during the day, at night you can use biogas, biomass and geothermal energy. This way you get 24 hours covered.

If a state implements intelligent technologies, they can help determining energy use patterns and ensure the flexibility of the power and the ability to supply electricity the whole day. There is also a way using intelligent technologies to form virtual power plants, which is not yet discovered, but might be any time.